Dentro del núcleo, ¿hay algo?

Sí, dentro del núcleo de cada átomo, descubrimos más cosas. El átomo es como una matrioska o muñeca rusa: dentro de cada muñeca hueca, vamos encontrando muñecas aún más pequeñas.nucleoDentro del átomo (que imaginábamos como un campo de fútbol), fijémonos qué hay dentro del núcleo (aquella canica pequeña que había en el centro del campo), y vemos que hay bolitas apelotonadas, que resultan ser de dos tipos, y que llamamos protones y neutrones.

Son muy parecidos entre sí, casi 2000 veces más pesados que los electrones, aunque los neutrones son un pelín más gorditos. Para hacernos una idea de la diferencia de peso, podemos imaginar que si el electrón pesara lo mismo que un bebé al nacer, ¡el protón sería tan pesado como un elefante! Esto implica que casi toda la masa del átomo (95%) está concentrada en su minúsculo núcleo.

masa-electron-proton_neutron

Otra diferencia llamativa es que los protones tienen carga eléctrica, la misma que la de los electrones pero de signo contrario; sin embargo los neutrones, como su nombre indica, son neutros, no tienen carga.

Hay algo muy interesante: contamos el número de protones que hay dentro del núcleo, y resulta que cada átomo del mismo elemento de la tabla periódica (cada pieza de lego de la misma familia), tiene el mismo número de protones. Este número, es lo que diferencia a los distintos elementos, y se conoce como «número atómico Z«.

Pero…aún no hemos acabado: Si fisgoneamos dentro de los protones y neutrones, descubriremos más cosas. Pero esto lo dejamos para otro momento.

45 thoughts on “Dentro del núcleo, ¿hay algo?

  1. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More here on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  2. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More Info here to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  3. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  4. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More Information here on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  5. relaxing sleep

    relaxing sleep

  6. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More here on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  7. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More here to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  8. autumn ambience

    autumn ambience

  9. … [Trackback]

    […] There you can find 76140 more Information on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  10. peaceful music

    peaceful music

  11. healing therapy

    healing therapy

  12. musicas para malhar

    musicas para malhar

  13. … [Trackback]

    […] Here you will find 19622 additional Information on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  14. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More Information here on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  15. meditation music

    meditation music

  16. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More Info here to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  17. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More here to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  18. cozy coffee shop ambience

    cozy coffee shop ambience

  19. … [Trackback]

    […] Information on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  20. bossa nova jazz music

    bossa nova jazz music

  21. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More Information here to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  22. jazz relaxing music

    jazz relaxing music

  23. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More Information here on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  24. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More Information here on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  25. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More here to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  26. … [Trackback]

    […] Information on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  27. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  28. … [Trackback]

    […] Info on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  29. … [Trackback]

    […] Here you will find 44577 additional Info to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  30. … [Trackback]

    […] Info to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  31. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More Info here on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  32. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More here on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  33. itsmasum.com

    […]usually posts some incredibly interesting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  34. … [Trackback]

    […] Here you will find 65010 more Information on that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  35. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More on to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  36. مجلة جامعة الملكة أروى

    […]Here is an excellent Weblog You might Come across Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  37. Queen Arwa University World University Rankings THE

    […]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but really don’t get a great deal of link really like from[…]

  38. Queen Arwa University ROR ID: 03ygqq617

    […]Here is a good Weblog You may Locate Intriguing that we Encourage You[…]

  39. افضل جامعة يمنية

    […]just beneath, are several totally not connected web pages to ours, even so, they are certainly worth going over[…]

  40. Kuliah Mudah

    […]that will be the finish of this write-up. Right here you will come across some websites that we believe you’ll enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  41. … [Trackback]

    […] Info to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  42. … [Trackback]

    […] There you can find 86249 more Info to that Topic: science4kids.es/wp/dentro-del-nucleo-hay-algo/ […]

  43. 918kiss

    […]Every the moment in a though we pick out blogs that we study. Listed beneath are the latest web-sites that we select […]